Linee Strategiche – 23/09/2013

Abbiamo un papa che fa il pastore, che si dona senza risparmiare energie, andando al cuore delle questioni che sconvolgono la storia (e le nostre storie) e che ci chiamano ad essere fino in fondo persone responsabili, colmando la separazione fra credenti e non credenti, quasi che qualcuno – sulla Terra – possa dirsi possessore unico ed ultimo della verità. E’ l’ora che i cattolici si ri-scoprano universali, che si occupino delle sfide del mondo, anzitutto studiandole e recuperando le ragioni di un impegno non più eludibile; per questo, attraverso Acta Diurna, delineiamo il progetto di un Istituto Fondamentale che ri-prenda e ri-lanci contenuti per l’azione di un diffuso progetto di civiltà.
 
Siamo partiti da papa Francesco non per farne un leader ma per dire che, nell’assenza di visioni strategiche, la sua semplicità non semplificante appare come una lezione di forte impegno umano.
progetto a cura di Marco Emanuele (lineestrategiche@gmail.com, 393/8697706)
seguici su twitter: @lstrategiche
segui il nostro blog di riflessione sulla complessità, Complessi si nasce, http://complessi-si-nasce.it:

segui il sito Linee strategiche, http://linee-strategiche.webnode.it. Alcune segnalazioni:

GLOBAL

– Syria and Information Warfare (Nikolai Malishevski, Strategic Culture Foundation). At the foreign chiefs meeting in Geneva that took place in mid-October Russia and the United States America joined together without involving any third party to make a big step forward on the way of finding a political solution to one of the most burning international problems. It happened for the time since the end of Cold war. All other international actors, including the European partners, took it as a given fact. The very same way they accepted as an accomplished act that Russia is a leading world power, something corroborated by the results of the G20 summit and the events that followed afterwards. (…). http://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2013/09/23/syria-and-information-warfare.html

– Bloody Weekend Explodes Washington’s Contradictions over Al Qaeda and War on Terror (Finian Cunningham, Strategic Culture Foundation). It was a busier and bloodier weekend than usual for Islamic extremists linked to the Al Qaeda franchise, with hundreds killed in bomb and gun attacks in Iraq, Pakistan, Yemen and Kenya, as well as the ongoing war in Syria, where the same brand of jihadists form the dominant fighting groups trying to topple the government of President Bashar al-Assad. (…). http://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2013/09/23/bloody-weekend-explodes-washington-contradictions-over-al-qaeda-and-war-terror.html

– US Senators Versus Russian Banks (Valentin Katasonov, Strategic Culture Foundation). Some time ago Washington was eager to start a war against Syria under the excuse of Damascus being behind a chemical weapons attack against civilians. Now irrefutable facts have appeared to prove the allegations were false. So the White House slowed down the pace. Right after that a group of US senators wrote a letter calling for punitive actions against some Russian leading banks allegedly involved in cooperation with the Assad’s regime. The authors are clearly frustrated over the Washington’s diplomatic loss to Moscow which prevented a Western intervention against Syria. (…). http://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2013/09/23/us-senators-versus-russian-banks.html

– Ending Global Deforestation: Policy Options for Consumer Countries (Duncan Brack, Rob Bailey – Chatham House). http://www.chathamhouse.org/publications/papers/view/194247

– The U.S.-Japan Security Alliance (Beina Xu, Council on Foreign Relations). Forged in the wake of World War II, the U.S.-Japan security alliance has served as one of the region’s most important military relationships and as an anchor of the U.S. security role in Asia. Revised in 1960, the Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security grants the United States the right to military bases on the archipelago in exchange for a U.S. pledge to defend Japan in the event of an attack. The partnership has endured several geopolitical transitions, rooting its framework in the postwar security environment and expanding in the aftermath of the Cold War with the rise of China and a nuclearizing North Korea. Cooperation during the Gulf and Iraq wars and the March 2011 Tohoku earthquake reaffirmed the strength of the alliance, but challenges remain. The U.S. military presence on Okinawa, North Korea’s nuclearization, territorial disputes with China, and Japan’s recent push to upgrade its defense preparedness have all challenged the alliance’s resilience as the Obama administration considers the direction of its strategic pivot to the Asia-Pacific region. (…). http://www.cfr.org/japan/us-japan-security-alliance/p31437

– Cina e UE: il caso del fotovoltaico e la realtà dell’interdipendenza (Antonio Dai Pra, Aspenia online). Tra fine 2012 e luglio 2013 si è registrato un picco di tensione nelle relazioni commerciali fra Unione Europea e Cina. Da un lato, l’apertura di un’indagine per dumping e la conseguente introduzione di dazi da parte dell’UE sui pannelli solari di produzione cinese; dall’altro, le quattro investigazioni lanciate nel giro di poche settimane da Pechino contro gruppi europei operanti in diversi settori. Tali gravi frizioni, infine risolte ai primi di agosto con l’accordo su un prezzo minimo per i pannelli cinesi importati nell’UE, hanno messo in mostra le nuove dinamiche che caratterizzano le odierne relazioni fra i due blocchi. (…). https://www.aspeninstitute.it/aspenia-online/article/cina-e-ue-il-caso-del-fotovoltaico-e-la-realt%C3%A0-dell%E2%80%99interdipendenza

– Why the G20 matters to international finance, trade and energy (Umberto Marengo, Aspenia online). The possible Syrian war dominated media and diplomatic attention at the G20 in early September in St. Petersburg. At the actual summit, however, the agenda covered mainly macroeconomic and financial issues. While the banking liquidity crisis and sovereign debt sustainability monopolized all previous meetings, this G20 put an unprecedented emphasis on jobs, youth unemployment, and economic growth. (…). https://www.aspeninstitute.it/aspenia-online/article/why-g20-matters-international-finance-trade-and-energy

– I negoziati commerciali transatlantici: nuove politiche nell’era delle imprese globali (Luca Marcolin, Aspenia online). I negoziati per l’accordo di libero scambio USA-UE hanno riaperto il dibattito sulla politica commerciale in Europa. La cosiddetta “eccezione culturale” sostenuta dalla Francia e 12 altri paesi dell’Unione ha attirato particolare attenzione, ma i problemi non finiscono certo qui: agricoltura, proprietà intellettuale, industria aerospaziale si preannunciano come altri tavoli di difficile negoziazione. Se ognuno di questi settori ha le sue peculiarità, gli oppositori all’accordo temono in generale che le imprese europee non riescano a far fronte alla concorrenza delle controparti americane senza le attuali barriere doganali o regolatorie. Questo timore è in realtà conseguenza, almeno in parte, di una concezione obsoleta della politica commerciale, come dimostrano alcuni dati fattuali ben difficilmente negabili. (…). https://www.aspeninstitute.it/aspenia-online/article/i-negoziati-commerciali-transatlantici-nuove-politiche-nellera-delle-imprese-globali

– The New Climate Economics (Felipe Calderón, Nicholas Stern – Project-Syndicate). This Friday, in its latest comprehensive assessment of the evidence on global warming, the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change will show that the world’s climate scientists are more certain than ever that human activity – largely combustion of fossil fuels – is causing temperatures and sea levels to rise. (…). http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/addressing-climate-change-while-promoting-economic-growth-by-felipe-calder-n-and-nicholas-stern

– Jimmy Carter Obama (Dominique Moisi, Project-Syndicate). http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/barack-obama-s-fateful-indecisiveness-by-dominique-moisi

– Google sta divorando il mondo (Rebecca Solnit, Eurasia rivista). Finalmente, i giornalisti hanno iniziato a fare una critica seria dei giganti della Silicon Valley. In particolare hanno aperto gli occhi su Google, al momento la terza compagnia più grande al mondo per valore di mercato. La nuova fase di discussione è iniziata ancora prima delle rivelazioni sulla regolare condivisione da parte dei giganti tecnologici dei nostri dati personali con la National Security Agency – NSA, o la loro probabile fusione con quest’ultima. Allo stesso tempo, un altro gruppo di giornalisti, apparentemente ignari che il tempo sia cambiato, si sta ancora facendo beffe di San Francisco, mia città di origine, per non sottostare passivamente all’incombente presenza della Silicon Valley. (…). http://www.eurasia-rivista.org/google-sta-divorando-il-mondo/20159/

EUROPE

– Nebbia europea sulla Manica (Antonio Armellini, AffarInternazionali).

L’Inghilterra di David Cameron può continuare a essere un partner attivo dell’Unione Europea? Se sì, in che misura? Gli alleati liberaldemocratici sembrano presi da un balbettio paralizzante sull’Europa, mentre i conservatori sono sotto l’influenza dall’ondata isolazionista del partito indipendentista antieuropeo Ukip. In un simile scenario sembra che il referendum annunciato sulla partecipazione della Gran Bretagna all’Unione – ma sinora non confermato – potrebbe sancire una separazione per più versi traumatica. (…). http://www.affarinternazionali.it/articolo.asp?ID=2416

– Reshaping Europe’s financial system (André Sapir, Guntram B. Wolff – Bruegel). http://www.bruegel.org/nc/blog/detail/article/1152-reshaping-europes-financial-system/

ASIA

– China’s Big Currency Strategy (Jun Jie Woo, Suvi Dogra – The Diplomat).

A Bank of International Settlements survey released on September 5 reveals that the renminbi (RMB) is now among the 10 most actively traded currencies in the world. This comes on the back of China’s recent draft plans to allow full convertibility of the RMB within the newly approved Shanghai Free Trade Zone (FTZ). (…). http://thediplomat.com/2013/09/23/chinas-big-currency-strategy/
MIDDLE EAST

– Failing To Address The Root Causes Of Violence In Iraq (Eurasia review).
In the northern Iraqi province of Kirkuk, a 58km trench is being dug around Kirkuk City to protect it against violence, as regular bomb attacks and assassinations threaten the safety of its multi-ethnic residents.(…). http://www.eurasiareview.com/23092013-failing-address-root-causes-violence-iraq-analysis/

– A Case Study Of ‘The Syrian Resistance,’ A Pro-Assad Militia Force (Eurasia review). Much has been written of the variety of factions and fragmentation on the rebel side of the Syrian civil war, but comparatively little analysis exists of the various pro-Assad militias, commonly known as shabiba, who as Aron Lund notes can be Sunni, Alawite, Kurdish, or Christian.(…). http://www.eurasiareview.com/23092013-case-study-syrian-resistance-pro-assad-militia-force/

– Yemen: Corruption, Capital Flight and Global Drivers of Conflict (Ginny Hill, Peter Salisbury, Léonie Northedge, Jane Kinninmont – Chatham House). http://www.chathamhouse.org/publications/papers/view/194239

LATIN AMERICA

– Justice on Trial in Guatemala: The Ríos Montt Case (International Crisis Group). Within ten days, Guatemalan courts made and unmade legal history. The trial and conviction of former dictator José Efraín Ríos Montt on 10 May 2013 for genocide and other human rights violations was an extraordinary achievement for a justice system that must grapple simultaneously with the legacy of a vicious internal conflict and the contemporary scourges of gang violence, corruption and illegal drug trafficking. Victims had barely finished celebrating, however, when the Constitutional Court annulled the verdict in a confusing decision that raised questions of outside interference. Widespread impunity for past and present violence continues to have a corrosive effect on the country’s democracy. Failure to renew the trial for mass atrocities against Ríos Montt and pursue justice for the victims of violent crime would undermine its halting progress toward rule of law, including a strong independent judiciary. (…). http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/latin-america-caribbean/guatemala/050-justice-on-trial-in-guatemala-the-rios-montt-case.aspx

AFRICA

– Nigeria’s Criminal Crude: International Options to Combat the Export of Stolen Oil (Christina Katsouris, Aaron Sayne – Chatham House). http://www.chathamhouse.org/publications/papers/view/194254

– Central African Republic: Back to War Again? (Roland Marchal, International Relations and Security Network). If the recent upsurge in armed violence is any indication, then the Central African Republic is once again on the verge of state failure. Roland Marchal believes it’s now time for a comprehensive international response that not only deals with the existing power vacuum in the country, but also its religious polarization. (…). http://www.isn.ethz.ch/Digital-Library/Articles/Detail/?lng=en&id=169483

– The Economic Gateway to Africa? (Excerpt) (Sören Scholvin, Peter Draper – International Relations and Security Network). Because of its location, geography and extensive transport infrastructure, South Africa is the economic gateway to the African continent. However, to maintain this status, write Peter Draper and Sören Scholvin, Pretoria will self-consciously have to remain at the center of regional development and integration. (…). http://www.isn.ethz.ch/Digital-Library/Articles/Special-Feature/Detail/?lng=en&id=169537&contextid774=169537&contextid775=169538&tabid=1454449190

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